Tuesday, February 22, 2022

World History of February Month | February Month History | February Month - On This Day

World History of February Month

1st February

2003: On its route return to Earth, the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates.
The catastrophe claimed the lives of all seven astronauts.

1979: After 15 years in exile, Ayatollah Khomeini returns to Iran.
His triumphal homecoming signaled the start of the Iranian Revolution.

1968: Eddie Adams captures one of the most well-known images of the Vietnam War.
The picture of a Vietcong officer being executed in Saigon aided in mobilizing opposition to the war.

1960: The Greensboro sit-ins are initiated by four black students.
Their refusal to leave a "whites only" lunch counter was a watershed moment in the United States' campaign against racial segregation.

1884: The "Oxford English Dictionary" publishes its first fascicle.
The book featured entries beginning with A and ending with Ant.

2nd February

1990: South Africa's Apartheid system of racial segregation begins to crumble.
President de Klerk announced the release of Nelson Mandela and the unbanning of the African National Congress (ANC).

1943: The Battle of Stalingrad concludes with the capitulation of the Axis Powers. Germany's loss constituted a watershed moment in World War II.

1925: 20 mushers set off on a mission to deliver medicine to Nome, Alaska, which inspired the Iditarod Race.
The Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race is the world's longest and most difficult dog sled race.

1922: James Joyce's "Ulysses" is published.
The novel is widely regarded as one of the most significant works of modernist literature.

1852: The first public flushing toilet is opened in London, at 95 Fleet Street. 
Using the "Public Waiting Room" costs 2 pence.

3rd February

1998: The Cavalese cable car catastrophe kills 20 persons.
A low-flying US military plane's wings severed the aerial tramway's lines, forcing the cabin to plummet 80 metres.

1989: Alfredo Stroessner, the dictator of Paraguay, has been deposed. Stroessner came to power in 1954 in a military coup.

1972: 4000 people are killed in the worst snowfall in history.
The Iran Blizzard lasted a week and killed out entire communities.

1969: Yasser Arafat is elected Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
Even after his death in 2011, Arafat remained a divisive figure, with many Arabs hailing him as a liberation warrior and many Israelis condemning him as a terrorist.

1966: Luna 9 lands on the Moon.
The unmanned Soviet spacecraft made the first soft landing there.

4th February

2004: Facebook is established.
Currently, the social networking site has over 1 billion active members.

1948: Within the British Commonwealth, Ceylon (Sri Lanka) declares independence.
The island had been colonized by Portugal, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom from the 16th century.

1861: The Confederate States of America are formed when six slave states meet in Montgomery, Alabama to form the Confederacy, which only lasts until 1865.

1859: Constantin von Tischendorf, a German archaeologist, discovers the Codex Sinaiticus.
The "Sinai Bible," a handwritten copy of the Greek Bible, is regarded as a priceless historical relic.

1789: George Washington is elected as the country's first President.
Washington was inaugurated on April 30, 1789.

5th February

1924: For the first time, the Greenwich Time Signal is broadcast.
The "BBC pips" are five short and one long tones emitted by several BBC radio stations to signal the start of the hour.

1919: United Artists is created.
Charlie Chaplin was a founding member of the film studio.

1909: The first synthetic plastic is created in the world.
That day, Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland revealed the development of Bakelite during an American Chemical Society meeting.

1869: The largest gold nugget in history has been discovered.
The "Welcome Stranger" was discovered in Moliagul, Australia, and had a refined weight of 71.081 kg.

1852: The Saint Petersburg Hermitage Museum opens to the public.
It was created in 1764 and is one of the world's largest and oldest museums.

6th February

1996: There are no survivors after a Boeing 757 plane crashes.
The deadliest accident involving this kind of aircraft occurred with Birgenair Flight 301.

1989: The Round Table Discussions begin in Poland.
Negotiations between the Polish government and the trade union Solidarno, or Solidarity in English, heralded the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe.

1959: The first microchip is protected by patent.
Jack Kilby received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for inventing the integrated circuit.

1952: Elizabeth II ascends to the throne of the United Kingdom.
She took over for her father, George VI, who died on that day.

1840: New Zealand is granted British colonial status.
While the Treaty of Waitangi is widely regarded as the country's founding document, many Māori think it tricked them and unknowingly deprived them of their authority to run the country.

7th February

2009: The Black Saturday bushfires in Australia claim the lives of 173 people.
The flames were Australia's biggest natural calamity in history.

2005: Ellen MacArthur breaks the world record for fastest solo circumnavigation.
It took her 71 days, 14 hours, 18 minutes, and 33 seconds to complete the voyage.

1992: The European Union is formed with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty.
The Treaty of Rome also established a unified European currency, the Euro.

1986: Haiti's president, Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier, departs the nation, bringing an end to the country's 28-year family dictatorship.
On the same day 5 years later, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the first democratically elected president, was sworn in.

1984: NASA astronauts do the world's first untethered spacewalk.
Bruce McCandless and Robert L. Stewart's pictures of themselves floating freely in space become some of the most memorable images of the 1980s.

8th February

1971: The first trading day of the NASDAQ
The first electronic stock exchange was the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations.

1960: The Hollywood Walk of Fame receives its first eight stars.
Since then, over 2400 five-pointed stars have been implanted in the sidewalks of Hollywood Boulevard and Vine Street to commemorate celebrities.

1950: The renowned East German secret police, the Stasi, is created.
The "Staatssicherheit," which was disbanded in 1990, was widely regarded as one of the world's most restrictive spy agencies.

1910: Three years before the Boy Scouts of America, British General Robert Baden-Powell established the Scout movement in England. Sandford Fleming advocates the usage of time zones in 1879.
The subsequent implementation of Universal Standard Time, which is based on time zones, revolutionized time keeping.

1879: Sandford Fleming advocates the usage of time zones.
The subsequent implementation of Universal Standard Time, which is based on time zones, revolutionized time keeping.

9th February

1996: The Irish paramilitary organization IRA blows off a big bomb in London, breaking an 18-month truce.
The explosion at London's Canary Wharf killed two individuals and wounded 39 more.

1969: The Boeing 747 takes to the skies for the first time.
At the time, the "Jumbo Jet" was the world's biggest passenger aircraft.

1964; The Beatles go on their first American tour.
Their debut on the Ed Sullivan Show signaled the start of the "British Invasion."

1959: The USSR launches the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile.
The Soviet R-7 Semyorka missile had an 8800 km range (5500 mi).

1950: Senator Joseph McCarthy of the United States commences his anti-communist crusade.
McCarthy accused the US State Department of being infiltrated by communists on this day.

10th February

2009: In orbit, two satellites collide.
The disaster damaged both the US spacecraft "Iridium 33" and the Russian satellite "Kosmos 2251."

1996: Deep Blue becomes the first computer to defeat a reigning world champion in chess.
Despite losing the opening game, Russian world champion Garry Kasparov went on to win the match with a score of 4-2 games.

1964: The album "The Times They Are A-Changin'" by Bob Dylan is released.
One of Dylan's most well-known songs is the title tune.

1964: In Australia, an aircraft carrier collides with a destroyer, killing 82 people. The destroyer HMAS Voyager passed under the bow of the aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourn, was cut in half, and sunk.

1962: Francis Gary Powers, a caught American spy by the Soviet Union, gets freed.
Rudolf Ivanovich Abel, a captured Soviet spy, was traded for Powers.

11th February

1990: After 27 years as a political prisoner, Nelson Mandela has been released.
The release of the anti-apartheid campaigner was a watershed moment in South Africa's transition from apartheid to democracy.

1979: Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power.
A few days after Khomeini's victorious return from exile in France, the Iranian army withdraws, paving the door for the establishment of an Islamic theocracy.

1975: Margaret Thatcher becomes the British Conservative Party's first female leader.
Thatcher was elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1979 after winning the general election.

1938: The BBC airs Karel apek's "R.U.R.", the world's first science fiction television programme.
The Czech drama, whose truncated title stands for "Rossum's Universal Robots," was the first to use the term "robot" in English.

1858: Bernadette Soubirous had a vision of the Virgin Mary near Lourdes.
The little village in southern France grew to become one of the most famous Christian pilgrimage sites.

12th February

2002: At The Hague, the trial of Slobodan Miloevi began.
The former Yugoslav and Serbian President died four years later before the trial concluded.

1994: The painting "The Scream" by Edvard Munch has been stolen.
Several months later, the renowned artwork, one of four in a series, was rediscovered.

1924: The premiere of George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue"
The work is one of Gershwin's most well-known compositions, as well as one of the most popular in the symphonic jazz genre.

1912: The last Emperor of China abdicates at the age of six Puyi was banished from the Forbidden City in 1924 following a military revolt. He died on October 17, 1967, at the age of 61.

1909: In the United States, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is created.
The NAACP is one of the country's oldest and most powerful civil rights groups.

13th February

2008: Kevin Rudd, the Prime Minister of Australia at the time, apologized to Indigenous Australians for the "stolen generations."
Until the 1960s, between 10% and 30% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were removed from their homes.

2004: The biggest known diamond in the cosmos has been discovered.
BPM 37093 is a white dwarf star around 50 light-years away from Earth that was given the moniker "Lucy" from The Beatles' song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds."

2000: The final "Peanuts" comic strip is released.
The 17,897th and last editions were published in newspapers throughout the world on the day after its creator, Charles M. Schulz, died.

1991: At least 408 individuals are killed in Baghdad by two "smart bombs."
The bombardment of the Amiriyah shelter was one of the worst examples of civilian casualties during "Operation Desert Storm."

1945: A bombing strike destroys the German city of Dresden.
According to estimates, up to 25,000 people were slain during the three-day attacks.

14th February

2005: Rafik Hariri, the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, is killed.
According to many accounts, the United Nations Special Tribunal for Lebanon established overwhelming evidence of involvement by the Lebanese militant Hezbollah.

2003: Dolly The sheep is slaughtered.
Dolly, the first animal cloned from an adult, had prematurely aged and suffered several ailments.

1989: Union Carbide has finally agreed to give the Indian government compensation for the Bophal accident.
The corporation had a yearly revenue of 9.5 billion USD at the time, and up to 25,000 individuals were killed in the disaster.

1949: The Knesset, Israel's parliament, meets for the first time.
Anshei Knesset HaGedolah is the Hebrew name of an ancient Great Assembly, from whence the term "Knesset" is derived.

1876: The telephone has a patent.
On that day, both Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray applied for patents; Bell was successful.

15th February

2003: The world's largest peace demonstration ever takes place.
Up to 30 million people protested the Iraq War in 600 locations across the world.

2001: The first draught of the human genome has been made public.
The human genome includes all of the genetic information about humans.

1989: The Soviet Union withdraws from Afghanistan.
Despite their greater military strength, the Soviet and Afghan armies were unable to crush the Mujahideen militants' resistance.

1971: The currencies of the United Kingdom and Ireland are decimalized.
Prior to the alteration, the pound sterling was worth 240 pence, or 20 shillings.

1965: Canada adopts its present national flag, which features a maple leaf.
The leaf represents the country's woods, the white stripe in the center represents arctic snow, and the red stripes represent the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

16th February

2005: The Kyoto Protocol enters into force.
Too far, 191 nations, excluding the United States, have ratified the global warming treaty.

1987: In Jerusalem, the first trial of John Demjanjuk began.
Demjanjuk was falsely accused of being a particularly violent Nazi guard known as "Ivan the Terrible"; in a separate trial in 2011, he was convicted as an accomplice to the death of 27,900 individuals by a German criminal court.

1985: Hezbollah is established.
Several Western governments have designated the Lebanese political party and militant organization as a terrorist organization.

1959: Fidel Castro is appointed Prime Minister of Cuba.
Castro rose to power soon after his "26th of July Movement" deposed dictator Fulgencio Batista in what became known as the Cuban Revolution.

1923: The Pharaoh Tutankhamun's burial chamber is unveiled.
Howard Carter's discovery is one of the most well-known in archaeology, because to the legend of the "Curse of Tutankhamun," which was started by the death of Lord Carnarvon, who was one of the first to enter the chamber.

17th February

2008: Kosovo declares independence.
The area seceded from Serbia after an armed war known as the Kosovo War.

1992: Jeffrey Dahmer, a serial killer, has been sentenced to life in prison.
Dahmer was found guilty of the murder and dismemberment of at least 17 young men and boys.

1913: In New York, the "Armory Show" debuts.
The show, which featured works by Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and Vincent van Gogh, heralded the arrival of artistic modernism in the United States.

1904: The premiere of "Madama Butterfly" takes place.
The first performance of Giacomo Puccini's opera, one of the world's most performed works of musical theatre, was a flop.

1863: The Red Cross and Red Crescent Society is formed.
A group of civilians in Geneva, Switzerland formed the "Committee for Relief to the Wounded."

18th February

1978: Hawaii holds the inaugural Ironman Triathlon.
Contestants must swim 2.4 miles (3.86 km), cycle 112 miles (180.25 km), and run a marathon of 26.2 miles (42.2 km).

1977: The Space Shuttle lifts off for the first time.
The "Enterprise" was installed on a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft and made its maiden free flight on August 12, 1977.

1954: The first Church of Scientology is founded.
Despite several issues, Scientology has grown to include tens of thousands of members since its foundation.

1943: Sophie Scholl, a German resistance fighter, and several White Rose activists are apprehended by the Gestapo.
Scholl, a 21-year-old student, and her fellow activists were killed for distributing pamphlets critical of the Nazi dictatorship.

1930: Pluto is discovered.
Clyde W. Tombaugh identified the dwarf planet while looking over images taken a month before.

19th February

2008: Fidel Castro resigns as Cuba's president. Castro was 81 at the time and had been in power for 49 years.

1986: The "Mir" Space Station is launched into orbit.
The Soviet vehicle was the world's first modular space station, and it orbited the Earth for 15 years.

1985: Flight 610 of Iberia Airlines went down.
The crash killed all 148 passengers on board and was blamed on pilot error.

1945: US forces land on the Japanese island of Iwo Jima.
The photograph of four marines hoisting a United States flag on the island has become one of the most famous pictures of World War II.

1878: The phonograph is patented by Thomas Edison.
It was the first machine to be capable of reproducing recorded sound.

20th February

1988: The separation of the Autonomous Oblast from Azerbaijan precipitated the Nagorno-Karabakh War.
Nagorno-Karabakh is now a de facto sovereign state, but the region is still recognized internationally as part of Azerbaijan.

1962: The first American to circle the Earth safely lands in the Atlantic Ocean.
John Glenn's 5-hour trip occurred nearly a year after Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin orbited the Earth on April 12, 1961.

1944: US bombers attacked German aircraft manufacturing plants in what became known as the "Big Week" bombing campaign.
The objective was to acquire air supremacy in order to ensure the invasion of Europe.

1913: The construction of Australia's capital city begins.
Canberra is a completely planned city that was chosen as Australia's capital as a compromise between competing cities Sydney and Melbourne.

1877: Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres.
It is one of the most well-known ballets in the world.

21st February

1972: President Richard Nixon of the United States goes on a historic visit to China.
The first visit to China by a US President was a significant step in normalizing ties between the two countries.

1958: Gerald Holtom created the peace symbol.
The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) commissioned the sign, which combines the semaphore symbols for the letters N and D - an acronym for "Nuclear Disarmament."

1878: In New Haven, Connecticut, the world's first telephone book is published.
The directory was made up of 50 numbers on a single sheet of cardboard.

1848: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "Das Kommunistische Manifesto" "Das Kommunistische Manifesto" described the sociopolitical viewpoint known today as "Marxism" and was translated into over 100 languages from German.

1804: Wales hosts the world's first train voyage.
Richard Trevithick created the first full-scale steam locomotive, which travelled from the Pen-y-darren ironworks near Merthyr Tydfil to Abercynon.

22nd February

2011: An earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, kills 185 people.
Despite having a magnitude of only 6.3, the quake produced one of the greatest intensities ever recorded in an urban location (MM IX).

1986: In the Philippines, the People Power Revolution begins.
The peaceful effort culminated in the demise of President Ferdinand Marcos and the restoration of democracy in the Philippines.

1983: The Broadway production of "Moose Murders" fails horribly.
"A visit to Moose Murders is what will differentiate the connoisseurs of Broadway tragedy from plain dilettantes for many moons to come," writes reviewer Frank Rich.

1948: Following a coup, Czechoslovakia becomes a communist state.
Following the nonviolent "Velvet Revolution" in 1989, the nation became a parliamentary republic, and in 1993, it was divided into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.

1879: In Utica, New York, the first Woolworth store opens.
Frank Woolworth's five-and-dime retail outlets grew into one of the world's most successful trading firms, with branches in over 100 countries.

23rd February

1954: The first major polio immunization campaign is launched.
Virologist Jonas Salk's vaccine, along with Hilary Koprowski's live polio vaccine, is being used today.

1947: The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is established.
The ISO develops specifications for anything from bicycle tyres to date formats.

1941: Glenn T. Seaborg and his colleagues use chemical analysis to find Plutonium.
The radioactive element is crucial in nuclear fuel and nuclear weapons.

1917: Russia's February Revolution begins.
The Russian Empire was eventually destroyed as a result of the protests and violent conflicts.

1455: The Gutenberg Bible is released.
The Bible version created by Johannes Gutenberg was the first book ever printed in a moveable type, ushering in the age of the printed book in the West.

24th February

2010: Sachin Tendulkar becomes the first cricketer in history to record a double-century in a One Day International.
The Indian cricketer is largely regarded as one of the game's finest batters.

1989: A Boeing 747 jumbo aircraft breaks open over the Pacific Ocean. Nine people were killed when United Airlines Flight 811 encountered an explosive decompression.

1920: The Nazi Party of Germany is established.
In 1921, Adolf Hitler was elected party leader.

1607: The world's first opera is staged.
"L'Orfeo" by Claudio Monteverdi is being performed on a regular basis today.

1582: Pope Gregory XIII decrees the use of the Gregorian calendar. Luigi Lilio's revision of the Julian calendar was originally implemented in a few European countries and has since become the world's most frequently used calendar.

25th February

1994: In the Mosque of Abraham, an Israeli doctor shoots 30 unarmed Palestinians.
Right-wing extremist Baruch Goldstein's slaughter was internationally criticized, including in Israel.

1991: The Warsaw Pact has been disbanded.
The defense treaty between the eight communist regimes had served its function once the Cold War ended. It was signed in 1955 as an anti-NATO statement.

1986: Corazon Aquino is sworn in as the Philippines' 11th President.
Aquino's presidency brought an end to a 20-year dictatorship. She was Asia's first female president.

1964: Muhammad Ali is crowned heavyweight champion of the world.
Ali, who was still known as Cassius Clay at the time, is regarded as one of the best heavyweight fighters in history.

1947: Prussia is no longer a state.
At its height, the German empire's most powerful state included parts of modern-day Germany, Poland, and Russia.

26th February

1993: In New York, a car bomb explodes beneath the World Trade Center.
A squad of Islamist extremists carried out the attack. The blast killed six persons.

1991: The public is introduced to the world's first web browser.
Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist best recognized as the inventor of the internet, created the browser "WorldWideWeb" (later renamed "Nexus").

1920: The first German Expressionist film, "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari," by Robert Wiene, is regarded as one of the finest silent horror films of all time.

1917: The first jazz record is made in the world.
In New York, the "Original Dixieland Jass Band" recorded "Livery Stable Blues" for the Victor Talking Machine Company.

1909: For the first time, a color motion picture is exhibited to the entire audience.
The Palace Theatre in London hosted a screening of 21 short Kinemacolor films.

27th February

2010: Chile is hit by a big earthquake.
The tremor recorded 8.8 on the Richter scale and killed around 500 people while injuring thousands more.

2002: A Muslim mob attacked a train carrying Hindu pilgrims and set it on fire.
The attack killed 59 individuals, many of them were women and children.

1943: Nonviolent protests in Berlin prevent 2000 Jews from being deported.
The "Aryan" spouses and relatives of jailed Jewish men participated in the "Rosenstrasse protest."

1933: The German parliament building has been set on fire.
The Reichstag fire was exploited by the Nazis to justify the brutal persecution of political opponents. The incident is seen as significant in the formation of Nazi Germany.

1932: The neutron has been discovered
James Chadwick, an English physicist, was subsequently given the Nobel Prize for his discovery.

28th February

2013: Pope Benedict XVI has resigned.
The pope, whose birth name is Joseph Ratzinger, is the first Catholic Church leader to retire since 1415.

1991: The first Gulf War concludes.
The armed battle had lasted a little over a year and had resulted in over 100,000 civilian fatalities.

1986: Olof Palme, the Swedish Prime Minister, is assassinated.
Despite the fact that over 130 persons confessed to the murder, the case has never been solved.

1975: A London Underground train collides with the tunnel's terminus at Moorgate station.
The Moorgate tube catastrophe killed 43 lives and was the London Underground's worst accident during peacetime.

1935: Nylon is discovered.
Wallace Carothers developed the polymer at the DuPont Experimental Station in Wilmington, Delaware, in the United States.

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